Heat the oil in a skillet on medium heat. Add the vegetable and half the spices and cook until softened - about 5 minutes. Remove from stove and let cool.
Add the the veggies in the cavity of the chicken with the cut lemon. Rub the softened butter on the skin of the chicken. Sprinkle the remaining spices on the exterior of the chicken.
Place in a 350 degree oven and cook for 90 minutes checking for doneness.
Serve and enjoy!
Adapted from the following recipe - http://www.geniuskitchen.com/recipe/julia-childs-roast-chicken-420150